The country probably takes its name from Nicarao, the leader of an indigenous community inhabiting the shores of Lake Nicaragua that was defeated in 1522 by the Spanish under Gil González de Ávila. The lake is bisected by a chain of volcanos which has led to the formation of numerous islands, the largest of which is Ometepe Island. 50 Fascinating Facts about Nicaragua Nicaragua is located on the Central America isthmus directly between Honduras and Costa Rica. In 1524, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba arrived in the isthmus and founded the first European settlement. Nicaragua is bounded by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. In 1821, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain. Other rivers of the Caribbean watershed include the 158-mile- (254-km-) long Prinzapolka River, the 55-mile- (89-km-) long Escondido River, the 60-mile- (97-km-) long Indio River, and the 37-mile- (60-km-) long Maíz River. With eastern Caribbean side, many volcanoes, lakes and colonial towns on the west side, it’s becoming a popular tourist destination. The country won independence in 1838. In 1610, the volcano known as Momotombo erupted, destroying the capital. Soils on the Caribbean coast are varied and include fertile alluvial types along waterways and relatively infertile types in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions. info)), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America and the most overlooked place. Facts about Nicaragua, where the only fresh water sharks in the world, the bull sharks, can be found. In the northern mountains temperatures are cooler and average about 64 °F (18 °C). The western region of the country was colonized by Spain, where the east was once a British region with a culture similar to that of the Caribbean nations. Caribbean – Though the African culture plays an integral role in this region, influencing both the music and dance, the contribution of the native indigenous tribes can not be forgotten. History A fishing encampment as early as 6000 years ago, Managua has been an important trading center and regional capital for at least two millennia. Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war. The country’s name is derived from Nicarao, chief of the indigenous tribe that lived around present-day Lake Nicaragua during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. Ometepe Island, also called Alta Gracia, the largest island in Lake Nicaragua, in southwestern Nicaragua. The annual average temperature there is in the low 80s °F (about 27 °C), and annual precipitation averages 75 inches (1,905 mm). The Caribbean side has its own Caribbean Island vibe, as well as the traditional Garifuna Punta style. History of Nicaragua - … The area of Nicaragua was divided into administrative "parties" with León as the capital. Nicaragua won independence from Spain in 1821, and the resulting power vacuum led to civil war. Como muitos outros países da América Central, a Nicarágua é conhecida por seus altos níveis de biodiversidade e ecossistemas únicos. Nicaraguans are appreciated for their natural warmth, hospitality and wisdom. They include Lake Managua, which covers an area of 400 square miles (1,035 square km), Lake Asososca, which acts as the city’s reservoir of drinking water, and Lake Jiloá, which is slightly alkaline and is a favourite bathing resort. The Ruins of León Viejo date back over 500 years, and it's another big draw for tourists. When Spanish chronicler Fernandez de Oviedo arrived in 1528, he estimated Managua's population at around 40, 000; most of these original inhabitants fled to the Sierritas, the small mountains just south, shortly after the Spanish arrived. Nicaragua, country of Central America. Nicaragua’s northern mountains are home to Nicaragua’s most important crop coffee, fine hand rolled cigars and an ancient method of gold mining. Music in Nicaragua is the same as elsewhere in the region. In Nicaragua, … The Central American country of Nicaragua is known for its unbridled nature, exotic wildlife, stunning landscapes, and unique indigenous cultures. One thing that people notice about life in Nicaragua is that it’s loud. The Río Grande de Matagalpa flows for 267 miles (430 km) from the Cordillera Dariense eastward across the lowlands to empty into the Caribbean north of Pearl Lagoon on the central coast. Nicaragua’s population of 6.3 million is concentrated mostly in the western regions of the country. Omissions? Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain in 1821 and became part of the Mexican empire for several years. In 1855 Walker took advantage of a civil war in Nicaragua to take control of the country and set himself up as dictator. Today the country is a democracy, with elections and a government dedicated to social justice and peace. The first European to visit Nicaragua was Christopher Columbus in 1502. In 1909 there was a rebellion and Zelaya was forced to resign. Dances are expressed with soft movements as guitars strum lightly in the background with the national folklore instrument, the wooden marimaba, painting the picture of a dance between man and woman. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Senior associate and director of remittances and development at the Inter-American Dialogue. In May 1856 President Franklin Pierce recognized the Walker regime. 8 Interesting Facts About Nicaragua By Oishimaya Sen Nag on August 6 2019 in World Facts There are active volcanoes in Nicaragua. Political History of Nicaragua Throughout the 1980’s, Nicaragua was believed to be and depicted as a dangerous socialist country by the U.S. For many decades Nicaragua was controlled by the oppressive U.S.-backed Somoza dictatorship. The land, economic, and educational reforms initiated by the socialist-oriented Sandinista regime were negated when it became embroiled in guerrilla warfare with a U.S.-backed insurgency beginning in the early 1980s. Learn some interesting facts about Nicaragua and you will want to start planning your visit. The eastern rivers are of greater length. Religion plays a momentous role within the Nicaraguan culture. Conservative Granada had long played rival to the colonial capital, Liberal León - and with independence, its position was suddenly vulnerable. The name Nicaragua comes from Chief Nicarao who was the leader of a tribe that lived near Lake Nicaragua when the first Europeans arrived. Momotombo Volcano (left) and Momotombito Island, viewed across Lake Managua, Nicaragua. The highlight of these festivals tend to be the philharmonic bands called ‘chicheros’, where trumpets, clarinets, drums and a cymbal come together come together to create an energetic melody. Located in the southern isthmus, the lake and its distributary, the San Juan River, have long been discussed as a possible canal route between the Caribbean and the Pacific. Lake Nicaragua, with an area of 3,149 square miles (8,157 square km), is the largest lake in Central America. Nicaragua is a country keen on their music and dance, a product of the different heritage and cultures from before. The eastern half of Nicaragua has low, level plains. Nicaragua has a population of around six million people and almost one million of them live in its capital city of Managua. 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